PHL 251 Week 3 Individual Assignment Logical Thinking Worksheet
Logical Thinking Worksheet
Use the following questions to guide you through your exploration of logical thinking and arguments. Answer the questions as completely as possible, and provide examples where needed.
1. What is a logical argument?
2. When and how do we use them?
3. What parts do they contain?
1. What makes something a syllogism?
2. Why do people use syllogisms?
3. How do people create syllogisms?
4. Construct a syllogism. Label its parts.
1. What makes an argument deductive?
2. Why do people use deduction?
3. How do people create them?
4. Construct a deductive argument. Label its parts
1. What makes an argument inductive?
2. Why do people use induction?
3. How do people create inductive arguments?
4. Create an inductive argument. Label its parts.
Evaluate these arguments:
1. Ten women can do a piece of work ten times as quickly as one man. One woman can
clean a room in ten seconds; therefore, ten women can clean a room in one second.
2. There are 16 cans on the top-shelf of the pantry, and 10 on the lower shelf of the pantry. There are no cans anywhere else in my pantry. Therefore, there are 26 cans in the pantry.
3. I have seen many children with red hair misbehave; therefore, all children with red hair misbehave.